Volvo FH13 is a typical representative of trucks for long-haul traffic. Most often, the car is used in the modification of the truck tractor for operation in coupling with semi-trailers as part of a train with a total weight of up to 44 tons. Tipper semi-trailers can be used to transport bulk building materials or agricultural crops. Volvo FH13 with refrigerated semi-trailers transport fruits, vegetables and other perishable goods. Flexible and sophisticated technical solutions allow the use of chassis for the installation of on-board and tipper platforms or vans. In the logging industry, machines are used to transport timber. Perfectly balanced car perfectly shows itself both on the wide equipped highways, and on roads with a low-quality paving. The presence of an autonomous heater and air-conditioning system with climate control provide driver and passenger comfort at any time of the year and in any weather. For the first time used on a serial truck, an independent front suspension with rake steering, mounted on the third-generation Volvo FH13, allows the driver to feel confidently behind the wheel even on a complex mountain serpentine.
Volvo FH13, depending on the modification, may have a wheel formula of 4×2, 6×2, 6×4, or 8×4. The chassis can be high, medium, low or ultra low. Currently, the Volvo FH13 is available with four types of cabs:
- Sleeping cabin (CAB-SLP) – equipped with one berth. The internal height of the cab is 171 cm, the height above the engine compartment is 162 cm;
- Cab Globetrotter (CAB-HSLP) – equipped with berths for the driver and passenger. Thanks to the organization of space vertically, it is equipped with an additional storage compartment. Internal height is 203 cm, height above a motor tunnel of 196 cm;
- The Globetrotter XL (CAB-XHSL) cab is an improved version of the CAB-HSLP with two berths and a headroom. Internal cabin height 222 cm, height above the motor tunnel 211 cm;
- Day cab – has no berth, more suitable for equipment modifications intended for trips over short distances.
The manufacturer offers about 850 (!!!) different options for the color scheme of the cabin. For the driver can be installed seats of various levels of comfort: standard, comfort and luxury. Standard equipment has a head restraint, adjustable backrest, height adjustment device and back and forth, an angular adjustment system with adjustable lumbar support. Plush, vinyl, various types of fabric and leather can be used in the interior trim.
Volvo FH13 is a model of intelligent design. The design of the machine at the assembly stage can be adapted for transportation of a certain nature. Even during operation, many parameters can be set both manually and with the help of onboard memory systems. Over the years, six-cylinder in-line engines with a volume of 12.1, 12.8, 16.1 liters and power from 340 to 700 horsepower were installed on the FH series cars. For the Russian market, the Volvo FH is traditionally equipped with 12.8 liter engines, but on order it is possible to install a 750-strong unit D16G750 if a special equipment is ordered. The transmission is represented by a 14-speed manual, a 12-step I-Shift semi-automatic, or a 6-speed Powertronic automatic. On the newest versions of the truck, a new, robotic gearbox with two clutches is installed, providing an almost uninterrupted flow of I-Shift Dual Clutch power. True, such a transmission is equipped only with models with Common Rail engines that meet the environmental standards of Euro-6. The bulk of the machines is equipped with electronically controlled disc brakes (EBS). Some modifications of 4×2, 6×2, and 6×4 saddle trucks associated with the transport of dangerous goods have drum brakes with Z-cam and ABS system. Instead of the usual handbrake lever, a key is installed in the latest generation models, and the crane is controlled by electronics with an automatic release function when starting off. Sometimes Volvo produces limited edition cars. In 2017, the Volvo FH Ocean Race saddle tractor was presented in sky blue and golden sand color.
Features and operation
The main difference between the Volvo FH13 and its competitors in its class is the highest level of vehicle safety. When building a car, data from more than two thousand collisions were used in computer simulation, and more than one hundred real crash tests. Security is guaranteed by a number of systems:
- EBS – will help to move on the rise;
- ACC – Adaptive cruise control will keep a safe distance;
- ESP – will provide exchange rate stability;
- Alcolock (option) – will not allow the car to be shifted Driving from a place with a driver “under the fly.”